Encaustic painting is also known as hot wax painting. It involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. The liquid/paste is then applied to a surface — usually prepared wood, though canvas and other materials are often used. It started over 2 millennia ago. No one can say for sure exactly what the components of the wax paints were since there are several formulae and a number of application techniques discovered for the creation of the original Roman Egyptian wax portraits.
I tried to have my fifth graders imitate the encaustic painting technique through using crayons melted with candles. This i8s also a good lesson in teaching the students about the element of texture.
Here are the materials we used:
1) old crayons
2) thick A4 paper (or bond paper)
3) lighted candle
1) Draw any design on the paper (I specifically asked my students to draw something that would portray the Philippine culture).
2) Apply color to the drawing by melting the tip of the crayon in the candle flame and rubbing the melted tip to the paper. You can combine different colors to make a wonderful effect.
Here are some of the student's works: